Structure and Interpretation of Computer Programs
You come in with a mind full of mush,
and you leave thinking like a computer scientist.
The famous Wizard Book by Harold Abelson and Gerald Jay Sussman with Julie Sussman. The text of this book is available for free:
|PDF with vector graphics||http://sicpebook.wordpress.com/|
A series of video lectures taught by two of the authors is also available for free, filmed at Hewlett-Packard in July 1986.
Another set of video lectures at Ars Digita University.
A torrent for the lectures http://www.ciz.fi/~oherrala/sicp-lecture-videos.torrent
A course at Berkeley CS61A: Structure and Interpretation of Computer Programs.